About: The Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale (CRBS) was originally developed in Canada by Grace et al (Grace et al, 2011) in English and psychometrically validated by Shanmugasegaram et al (2012), and it was later translated, culturally-adapted and psychometrically-validated to Brazilian Portuguese (Ghisi et al, 2012). The CRBS assesses patient’s perceptions of the degree to which patient, provider, and health system-level barriers affect their cardiac rehabilitation enrollment and participation. The 21 items of the CRBS are rated on a 5-point Likert-type scale that ranges from 1=strongly disagree to 5=strongly agree. Regardless of CR referral or enrollment, participants are asked to rate their level of agreement with the statements.
All information about CRBS – including validated versions – can be found here.
About: The INCR assesses CR patients’ information needs in 10 areas: the heart (physiology, symptoms, and surgical treatments), nutrition, exercise/physical activity, medication, work/vocational/social, stress/psychological factors, general/social concerns, emergency/safety, diagnosis and treatment, and risk factors. Participants are asked to rate the importance of each of the 55 information items in increasing their knowledge about CVD. Items are rated on a 5-point Likert-type scale, that ranges from 1 = really not important to 5 = very important, and accordingly higher scores indicated greater information needs. The INCR has been psychometrically-validated in the CR setting, and demonstrated good reliability and validity.
You can download INCR (English version) by clicking here.
INCR Portuguese can be downloaded here.
Ghisi GL, Grace SL, Thomas S, Evans MF, Oh P. Development and psychometric validation of a scale to assess information needs in cardiac rehabilitation: the INCR Tool. Patient Educ Couns 2013;91(3):337-43. Link to full article in English
Ghisi GL, Grace SL, Thomas S, Evans MF, Sawula H, Oh P. Healthcare Providers’ Awareness of the Information Needs of their Cardiac Rehabilitation Patients throughout the Program Continuum. Patient Educ Couns 2014;95:143-50. PMID: 24457175. Link to abstract in English
Ghisi GL, Santos RZ, Bonin CBD, Roussenq S, Grace SL, Thomas S, Oh P, Benetti B. Development and psychometric validation of a Portuguese version of the INCR scale to assess information needs in cardiac rehabilitation. Heart & Lung 2014; 43(3):192-7. PMID: 24655937. Link to abstract in English
Ma C, Yang Q, Huang S. Translation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Chinese Version of the Information Needs in Cardiac Rehabilitation Tool. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2019; 39(5):331-337. PMID: 31464885. Link to abstract in English. [Chinese Version of INCR]
Ghisi GLM, Anchique CV, Fernandez, etc. Validation of a Spanish Version of the Information Needs in Cardiac Rehabilitation Scale to Assess Information Needs and Preferences in Cardiac Rehabilitation. J Cardiovasc Nurs 2018; 33(5): E29-34. doi: 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000505. Link to abstract in English. [Spanish Version of INCR]
About: The IC-Q is a psychometric validated tool that assesses heart failure patients’ knowledge about their disease when participating in cardiac rehabilitation. It has 19 multiple-choice questions. The tool was developed based on the CADE-Q, and questions and subscales were adapted in order to match HF patients.
Bonin CBD, Santos RZ, Ghisi GLM, Vieira AM, Amboni R, Benetti M. Construction and Validation of a Questionnaire about Heart Failure Patients’ Knowledge of Their Disease. Arq Bras Cardiol 2014; 102(4):364-73. PMID: 24652054. Link to abstract in English
About: a questionnaire on patient understanding of cardiology
terminology (TERM) designed for Brazilian Portuguese.
Ghisi GLM, Santos RZ, Britto RR, Bonin CDB, Servio TC, Schmidt LF, Benetti M, Grace SL. Validation of a scale to assess patients’ comprehension of frequently-used cardiology terminology: The Cardiac TERM scale in Brazilian-Portuguese. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 2019;44(2):87-95. Link to abstract in English.
Click here to download the tool.
About: The HIPER-Q is a psychometric validated tool that assesses knowledge of hypertensive patients in cardiac rehabilitation. It has 19 multiple-choice questions. The tool was developed based on the CADE-Q, and questions and subscales were adapted in order to match these patients’ needs.
Santos RZ, Bonin CDB, Martins ETC, Pereira Junior M, Ghisi GLM, de Macedo KRP, Benetti M. Development and Psychometric Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Hypertensive Patients Knowledge in Cardiac Rehabilitation: The HIPER-Q. Brazilian Archives of Cardiology. 2018;110(1). Link to full text in English.
About: The DATE-Q was created based on CADE-Q and aims to assess knowledge of people with diabetes. More information here.